What Is The Difference Between Upper Respiratory And Lower Respiratory?

What is the difference between an upper and lower respiratory infection?

Upper respiratory infections affect the parts of the respiratory tract that are higher on the body, including the nose, sinuses, and throat, while lower respiratory infections affect the airways and lungs..

What is upper respiratory and lower respiratory?

The upper airways or upper respiratory tract includes the nose and nasal passages, paranasal sinuses, the pharynx, and the portion of the larynx above the vocal folds (cords). The lower airways or lower respiratory tract includes the portion of the larynx below the vocal folds, trachea, bronchi and bronchioles.

Is asthma upper or lower respiratory?

When you have asthma, any upper respiratory infection — like a cold or the flu — can affect your lungs, causing inflammation and airway narrowing. It is important to take measures to stay healthy and be aware of any asthma symptoms, even mild, so that you avoid a more serious asthma attack.

What diseases affect both upper and lower respiratory tracts?

Airway inflammation, both allergic and infective, affects both the upper and lower respiratory tracts. Patients with lower respiratory tract diseases, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, frequently have disordered breathing patterns.

How long does a lower respiratory tract infection last?

Most RTIs pass within 1 to 2 weeks. You can usually treat your symptoms at home.

How do you get rid of a lower respiratory infection?

MedicationsNonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, naproxen, or aspirin can relieve pain and fever.Acetaminophen can also provide relief from pain and fever.Using a bronchodilator inhaler can help wheezing and shortness of breath.More items…

Is asthma a lower respiratory infection?

sinusitis or asthma). Bronchiolitis is the most common lower respiratory tract infection and the most common cause of admission to hospital in the first 12 months of life (see chapter 16).

What is the 6 minute walk test for COPD?

During this test, you walk at your normal pace for six minutes. This test can be used to monitor your response to treatments for heart, lung and other health problems. This test is commonly used for people with pulmonary hypertension, interstitial lung disease, pre-lung transplant evaluation or COPD.

What is a lower respiratory infection?

Acute lower respiratory infections include pneumonia (infection of the lung alveoli), as well as infections affecting the airways such as acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis, influenza and whooping cough.

What are the symptoms of lower respiratory infection?

Symptoms of a more serious LRTI include:Fever.Severe cough.Rapid breathing or difficulty breathing.Wheezing.Skin turning a blue color due to lack of oxygen.Chest pain or tightness.

Is COPD upper or lower respiratory?

In the setting of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lower respiratory tract infections, both acute and chronic, occur with increased frequency. As these infections contribute considerably to the clinical course of the patient with COPD, they constitute a significant comorbidity in COPD.

What are the early signs of lung disease?

Common signs are:Trouble breathing.Shortness of breath.Feeling like you’re not getting enough air.Decreased ability to exercise.A cough that won’t go away.Coughing up blood or mucus.Pain or discomfort when breathing in or out.