Quick Answer: Which Health Condition Is An Infectious Disease?

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease.

Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms..

What is the difference between a disease and an infectious disease?

Infection, often the first step, occurs when bacteria, viruses or other microbes that cause disease enter your body and begin to multiply. Disease occurs when the cells in your body are damaged — as a result of the infection — and signs and symptoms of an illness appear.

What are the six major causes of infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

Why would I see an infectious disease doctor?

Reasons your GP may refer you to an ID physician include: Infections that are resistant to treatment (e.g. antibiotics) Difficult to diagnose infections. Infection with an associated high fever.

What is a common infectious disease?

Listed in the directory below are some of these diseases, for which we have provided a brief overview. HIV/AIDS. Chickenpox. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Common Cold.

What is the rarest disease on Earth?

RPI deficiency According to the Journal of Molecular Medicine, Ribose-5 phosphate isomerase deficiency, or RPI Deficinecy, is the rarest disease in the world with MRI and DNA analysis providing only one case in history.

What is the leading infectious disease in the world?

Tuberculosis. TB is arguably the world’s leading cause of death from an infectious agent. The WHO estimates that 10.4 million new cases and 1.5 million deaths occur from TB each year (WHO 2016a). One-third of TB cases remain unknown to the health care system.

What are the 4 types of germs?

The four major types of germs are bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa. They can invade plants, animals, and people, and sometimes they can make us sick. Bacteria (say: BAK-teer-ee-uh) are tiny, one-celled creatures that get nutrients from their environments in order to live.

What type of diseases do you go to an infectious disease doctor for?

An infectious disease (ID) specialist is (see below, “Subspecialty/Fellowship Training”*) an expert in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases caused by microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses (such as HIV and hepatitis), fungi and parasites.

How can you protect yourself from infectious diseases?

Learn these healthy habits to protect yourself from disease and prevent germs and infectious diseases from spreading.Handle & Prepare Food Safely. … Wash Hands Often. … Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … Cough & Sneeze Into Your Sleeve. … Don’t Share Personal Items. … Get Vaccinated. … Avoid Touching Wild Animals.More items…

How do viruses enter the human body?

Microorganisms capable of causing disease—or pathogens—usually enter our bodies through the eyes, mouth, nose, or urogenital openings, or through wounds or bites that breach the skin barrier. Organisms can spread, or be transmitted, by several routes.

What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What is the deadliest disease?

Summary. In 2018, the five deadliest illnesses in the U.S. were heart disease, cancer, lung disease, cerebrovascular disease, and Alzheimer’s disease. The other leading causes of death due to disease were diabetes, influenza and pneumonia, and kidney disease.

What is the highest paid doctor?

RELATED: The list of the top 10 highest physician salaries by specialty for 2019Neurosurgery — $746,544.Thoracic surgery — $668,350.Orthopedic surgery — $605,330.Plastic surgery — $539,208.Oral and maxillofacial — $538,590.Vascular surgery — $534,508.Cardiology — $527,231.Radiation oncology — $516,016.More items…•

When should you see an infectious disease doctor?

When a fever raises the suspicion that you may have an infection, when an infection is potentially serious, or when problems occur with treatment, it may be necessary to consult an infectious diseases specialist.