Quick Answer: What Are The 4 Basic Types Of Cuts?

What are the three types of cuts?

Are there different types of open wounds?Abrasion.

An abrasion occurs when your skin rubs or scrapes against a rough or hard surface.


A laceration is a deep cut or tearing of your skin.


A puncture is a small hole caused by a long, pointy object, such as a nail or needle.


What is a Macedoine cut?

Rate & Review. A term used to describe the process of dicing ingredients into 1/4 inch cubes or a term that is used to describe a preparation of fruits or vegetables that have been diced (cubes that are 1/4 inch square) to be served either cold (raw) or hot (cooked).

What is a rondelle cut?

+ Larger Image. Also called rounds, a type of cut that creates round or oval, flat pieces by cutting a cylindrical vegetable crosswise. A regular crosswise cut produces a round slice and if the cut is made at an angle, it produces an oval slice.

What are the basic cutting techniques?

Here are the cutting techniques every chef should know:Cross Chop.Rock Chop.Julienne Cut.Brunoise Dice.Small Dice.The Batonnet.The Baton.Pont-Neuf.

What is a fine brunoise cut?

Fine brunoise (pronounced “broon-wahz”) is a basic culinary arts knife cut which is essentially a tiny cube measuring 1/16 inch × 1/16 inch × 1/16 inch. It’s produced by first creating a fine julienne and then cutting it into cubes.

How many types of cuts are there?

19 Types Of Classical Knife Cuts used in the Kitchen / Food Production. The Food Production department or Kitchen make a wide variety of dishes, and the chefs working the kitchen should be very familiar with the different variety of cuts used in the advance culinary preparation.

What are the basic knife cuts and its measurement?

Large dice (“Carré” meaning “square” in French); sides measuring approximately 3⁄4 inch (20 mm). Medium dice (Parmentier); sides measuring approximately 1⁄2 inch (13 mm). Small dice (Macédoine); sides measuring approximately 1⁄4 inch (5 mm). Brunoise; sides measuring approximately 1⁄8 inch (3 mm)

What is a diagonal cut?

Diagonal Cut. When diagonal cutting, the knife enters at a 45 ° angle. … The cutting motion is a smooth, backward draw of a very sharp knife followed by a roll of the wrist to prevent slices from sticking together.

What are the different basic knife cuts?

We’ll be going into the most basic of cuts that you run into for typical recipes.Batonnet. In French, “batonnet” means “little stick”. … Julienne / matchstick / alumette. … Large Dice. … Medium Dice. … Small Dice. … Brunoise. … Fine Brunoise. … Mince.More items…•

What is French knife?

A chef’s knife (also called a French knife) has a broad, tapered shape and a fine sharp edge. Its blade ranges in length from 6 to 12 inches and measures at least 1-1/2 inches at the widest point. It is designed so it rocks on a cutting board as it cuts food.

Why is it called julienne cut?

A chef makes a julienne when she cuts vegetables into thin strips. … When you chop vegetables this way, you julienne them. The word comes from a soup of the same name, which is prepared with thin strips of vegetables garnishing it — in French a potage julienne.

What is a baton cut?

Batonnet or baton is a matchstick knife cut. The precise dimensions are a 1/4 inch by 1/4 inch and then roughly to 2 to 2 1/2 inches long. Brunoise. istockphoto.com. A brunoise references a 1/8-inch-square dice that is exactly half the size of the larger macédoine dice.

What is a chiffonade cut?

Chiffonade is a French cooking technique used to finely cut herbs or leafy green vegetables (including basil, sage, mint, spinach, lettuce) into long, thin strips. … To cut a chiffonade, start by neatly stacking the leaves flat. Next, roll the stack of leaves together tightly.

What is a fine julienne cut?

Fine julienne will be 1/16 inch (1.5mm) square by 1 to 2 inches (25mm to 50 mm) in length. Vegetables cut this way cook much faster, so julienne strips are often used in stir-fries. They are also used as a decorative cut to garnish various dishes.

What is the smallest knife cut?

brunoise knife cutThe brunoise knife cut (pronounced BROON-wahz) measures 1/8 inch × 1/8 inch × 1/8 inch, which makes it the smallest of the dice cuts. Brunoise is usually used for garnishes.