- What are the causes of infective endocarditis?
- How do you confirm endocarditis?
- What is the survival rate of endocarditis?
- When should you suspect endocarditis?
- What is the most common cause of infective endocarditis quizlet?
- Which valve is most commonly affected in infective endocarditis?
- At which intercostal space is auscultation of the pulmonic valve best heard quizlet?
- Can you recover from endocarditis?
- What antibiotics treat endocarditis?
What are the causes of infective endocarditis?
What is infective endocarditis.
Infective endocarditis, also called bacterial endocarditis, is an infection caused by bacteria that enter the bloodstream and settle in the heart lining, a heart valve or a blood vessel.
IE is uncommon, but people with some heart conditions have a greater risk of developing it..
How do you confirm endocarditis?
A chest X-ray can show your doctor the condition of your lungs and heart. It can help determine if endocarditis has caused heart swelling or if any infection has spread to your lungs. Computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
What is the survival rate of endocarditis?
Acute endocarditis due to S aureus is associated with a high mortality rate (30-40%), except when it is associated with IV drug use. Endocarditis due to streptococci has a mortality rate of approximately 10%.
When should you suspect endocarditis?
Endocarditis should be suspected in any patient with unexplained fevers, night sweats, or signs of systemic illness, particularly if any of the following risk factors are present1: a prosthetic heart valve, structural or congenital heart disease, intravenous drug use, and a recent history of invasive procedures (e.g., …
What is the most common cause of infective endocarditis quizlet?
4) Most frequent cause of infective endocarditis…. Staphylococcus aureus; if nosocomial MRSA and overall higher prevalence. Viridans streptococcus; more common in communities than nosocomial. Enteroccocus. Culture negative; more common in a community acquired endocarditis.
Which valve is most commonly affected in infective endocarditis?
The tricuspid valve is most commonly affected (50%), whereas involvement of the mitral and aortic valves is less common (20% each). The involvement of multiple valves is common. Pulmonary valve endocarditis is rare.
At which intercostal space is auscultation of the pulmonic valve best heard quizlet?
The pulmonic valve is best heard in the 2nd intercostal space at the upper left sternal border.
Can you recover from endocarditis?
With prompt diagnosis and proper medical treatment, over 90% of patients with bacterial endocarditis recover. Those whose endocarditis affects the right side of the heart usually have a better outlook than those with left-side involvement.
What antibiotics treat endocarditis?
Treatment with aqueous penicillin or ceftriaxone is effective for most infections caused by streptococci. A combination of penicillin or ampicillin with gentamicin is appropriate for endocarditis caused by enterococci that are not highly resistant to penicillin.