Question: What Factors Influence Your Risk Of Getting An Infectious Disease?

What is the single most important factor in preventing infection?

Hand hygiene is considered the single most important factor in the control of infection.

It protects patients and healthcare workers from acquiring microorganisms that may cause them harm..

What medication causes weak immune system?

Immunosuppressant drugs are used to treat autoimmune diseases. With an autoimmune disease, the immune system attacks the body’s own tissue. Because immunosuppressant drugs weaken the immune system, they suppress this reaction.

What makes a person a susceptible host?

Factors that increase the susceptibility of a host to the development of a communicable disease are called risk factors. Some risk factors arise from outside the individual – for example, poor personal hygiene, or poor control of reservoirs of infection in the environment.

What is the most common infection in hospital?

Hospital-acquired infections are caused by viral, bacterial, and fungal pathogens; the most common types are bloodstream infection (BSI), pneumonia (eg, ventilator-associated pneumonia [VAP]), urinary tract infection (UTI), and surgical site infection (SSI).

What factors increase the risk of infection?

Having other medical conditions such as diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), autoimmune disease, among others. If you have other medical conditions, ask your doctor if they put you at increased risk for infection. Other factors, such as poor nutrition, stress, or lack of sleep.

What are the factors that influence infection?

Responsible factors include ecological changes, such as those due to agricultural or economic development or to anomalies in climate; human demographic changes and behavior; travel and commerce; technology and industry; microbial adaptation and change; and breakdown of public health measures.

What are the 4 factors that make a person more susceptible to infection?

Life style risk factors such as aging, poor nutrition, infection and exposure to toxicants can also increase susceptibility to illnesses. These life style factors can therefore be considered to cause acquired susceptibility for increased risk for environmental disease.

Who is prone to infections?

pregnant women; infants, and young children particularly under age 2; people of any age with certain chronic health conditions (including asthma or lung disease, heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease or some neurological conditions); people with severely compromised immune systems.

What are the three factors that affect the likelihood of infection from a pathogen?

Common pathogen factors are immune evasion, high viral load and low infectious dose.

What is the most important risk factor for developing surgical site infections?

A number of risk factors are known to increase the risk for SSIs, including obesity, advanced age, diabetes mellitus, malnutrition, prolonged preoperative stay, infection at a remote site, duration of surgery, surgery technique, presence of drains, inappropriate use of antimicrobial prophylaxis, perioperative …

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

Which of the following factors can influence the emergence or reemergence of infectious diseases?

As we all know, multiple factors, including economic development, climate changes and land use, human demographics and behavior, and international travel and commercial activities, contribute to the emergence and reemergence of infectious diseases (8, 9) .