Question: What Are The Important Facts Of Thar Desert?

What are the problems in Thar desert?

Development in the Thar Desert includes many challenges such as:Extreme temperatures – temperatures in the Thar Desert can exceed 50°C in the summer months.

Water supply – the supply of water to the Thar Desert is precious and limited.

Inaccessibility – the desert covers a huge area of 200,000 sq km..

Why is the Thar Desert important?

Despite having an extreme climate, the Thar Desert can provide development opportunities. These include: Mining – the desert has valuable reserves of minerals such as feldspar, phospherite, gypsum and kaolin. These minerals are used to produce a range of things from cement to fertilisers and are therefore valuable.

What animals live in the Thar desert?

Animals of the Thar DesertGreat Indian Bustard. There are 23 species of bustard birds, and of these, the great Indian bustard is the most endangered. … Blackbuck. The blackbuck is an antelope that inhabits parts of the Thar Desert. … Indian Gazelle. … Indian Wild Ass. … Foxes. … Desert Cat. … Eagles.

Why is Thar desert dry?

Reasons for the dryness of Thar desert region: The entire region of Thar desert of the Indian Union remains practically dry because there is no transverse mountain range to check the monsoon which directly advances towards the Kashmir Himalayas. … Thus, the Aravalli Hills are roughly parallel to the Arabian Sea Monsoon.

When was Thar desert formed?

This sandstone formation is about 66 to 59.2 million years old (Palaeocene age) – a period just after the extinction of dinosaurs – in western Rajasthan at Gehun hills near Barmer.

Which trees are found in Thar desert?

Permanent features of the vegetation of the Thar Desert include trees and shrubs like Acacia nilotica, Prosopis cineraria, Tamarix aphylla, Lycium barbarum, Salvadora oleoides, Zizyphus numularia, Capparis deciduas, Acacia jacquemontii, Calligonum polygonoides and Leptadenia phytotechnica.

Is Thar Desert Hot or cold?

The Climate in the Thar desert is like any other desert. Hot in the day and cool at night. The summer days are really hot and the nights are cool but the winter days are warm and the nights are cold. In the summer there is little to no rain.

What is Thar Desert called in Pakistan?

Cholistan DesertWithin Pakistan’s Punjab province, the Thar continues as the Cholistan Desert. The desert comprises a very dry part, the Marusthali region in the west, and a semidesert region in the east with fewer sand dunes and slightly more precipitation.

What is life like in the Thar desert?

The Thar Desert is the most densely populated desert in the world, with 83 people per square km. This population lives in small villages, far apart from each other. The people are often nomadic: moving when their sparse water supply dries up. Life in the desert is not easy (see: Life in the Thar Desert).

What are the main features of Thar desert?

Undulating sand dunes in the Thar (Great Indian) Desert. The desert presents an undulating surface, with high and low sand dunes separated by sandy plains and low barren hills, or bhakars, which rise abruptly from the surrounding plains. The dunes are in continual motion and take on varying shapes and sizes.

How does Thar desert formed?

One million years ago much before the desert formed, the region was watered by mighty rivers comparable in size to the Indus and the Ganga. Rainfall was good and the vegetation lush. … Strong winds lifted sand and silt particles from alluvial sediments and deposited them in the region, and the true desert began to form.

Which river flows in Thar desert?

Luni RiverLuni River, also called Luni, river in Rajasthan state, western India.

How old is Thar desert?

4000-10,000 years oldIt is a large arid region with a landscape dominated by sand dunes varying in size from 52ft (16m) in the North to 498ft (152m) in the south. The age of the Thar Desert is a topic of great controversy, though most geologists agree that it is somewhere in the region of 4000-10,000 years old.

What is world’s largest desert?

Antarctic desertWorld’s largest deserts The largest desert on earth is the Antarctic desert, covering the continent of Antarctica with a size of around 5.5 million square miles. The term desert includes polar deserts, subtropical deserts, cold winter and cool coastal deserts, and are based on their geographical situation.