Is Shingles A Persistent Or Latent Infection Quizlet?

Is Shingles a persistent or latent infection?

Herpes zoster, also known as shingles, is caused by the reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV), the same virus that causes varicella (chickenpox).

Primary infection with VZV causes varicella.

Once the illness resolves, the virus remains latent in the dorsal root ganglia..

What does it mean for an infection to be latent?

Latent infection, generally speaking, means the residence in the body of a specific infectious agent without any manifest symptoms. The symptomless incubation period, which in certain diseases, notably measles and smallpox, is fairly definite in length, is a period of latency in infection.

In what two ways can a virus manage to maintain a persistent infection?

However, the virus maintains chronic persistence through several mechanisms that interfere with immune function, including preventing expression of viral antigens on the surface of infected cells, altering immune cells themselves, restricting expression of viral genes, and rapidly changing viral antigens through …

What causes recurrent infections in adults?

In adults, recurrent infections are usually due to an anatomic lesion, a functional disorder, or to a secondary cause of immunosuppression.

Which one of the following is an example of a persistent viral infection in humans?

Varicella-zoster virus, measles virus, HIV-1, and human cytomegalovirus are examples of viruses that cause typical persistent infections.

What is an example of a latent infection?

The focus of the article is on those viruses known to cause latent infections, which include herpes simplex virus, varicella zoster virus, Epstein–Barr virus, human cytomegalovirus, human herpesvirus 6, human herpesvirus 7, Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus, JC virus, BK virus, parvovirus and adenovirus.

Is hepatitis B latent infection?

Latent hepatitis B, defined as a previous exposure to hepatitis B [HBcAb(+) and HBsAg(-)] is a clinically more relevant tool for predicting risk for HCC than is the assessment of HBV DNA in serum or liver tissue.

Can viruses last for months?

Acute infections, which are short-lived. Chronic infections, which can last for weeks, months, or a lifetime. Latent infections, which may not cause symptoms at first but can reactivate over a period of months and years.

Can viruses last for weeks?

It’s completely normal to experience it from time to time. But sometimes it can linger for weeks or months after you’ve been sick with a viral infection, such as the flu. This is known as post-viral fatigue. Read on to learn more about the symptoms of post-viral fatigue and what you can do to manage them.

How do latent and persistent infections differ?

Persistent infections are where the viruses are continually present in the body. 3. In a latent viral infection the virus remains in equilibrium with the host for long periods of time before symptoms again appear, but the actual viruses cannot be detected until reactivation of the disease occurs.

What is chronic latent infection?

Latent infection is characterized by the lack of demonstrable infectious virus between episodes of recurrent disease. Chronic infection is characterized by the continued presence of infectious virus following the primary infection and may include chronic or recurrent disease.

What activates a dormant virus?

When HSV replicates in skin cells, it eventually heads toward a sensory nerve. When it reaches the neuron’s nucleus, it does not go through the same lytic infection cycle. Instead of replicating, it does something unusual – the virus goes dormant. This is called a latent infection.

What are the symptoms of chronic infection?

The symptoms of chronic respiratory infections can include:Shortness of breath.Fatigue.Mucus production.Fever.Sore throat.Postnasal drip or nasal discharge.Bad breath.Cough.

What is latent infection in viral diseases?

A latent viral infection is a type of persistent viral infection which is distinguished from a chronic viral infection. Latency is the phase in certain viruses’ life cycles in which, after initial infection, proliferation of virus particles ceases. However, the viral genome is not eradicated.

Why are some viruses chronic?

The infection has a chronic course — the immune system is not able to get rid of the pathogen. This is due among other things to the fact that the virus directly attacks and destroys certain immune cells known as helper T cells. However, many helper T cells are not affected by the virus at all.